This is often caused by running on Intel GPUs, which are not currently supported.
If you have an NVidia or AMD driver, please ensure you have latest drivers and your card supports OpenGL 4.5
Until NVidia and AMD update drivers NMS might accidentally select the embedded/weak/low-power GPU. If you have more than one GPU make sure set NMS.exe to High Performance in their respective GPU management programs.
In particular, getting a Title Screen with just a black background and the words “No Man’s Sky” followed by a crash is normally an indication of not meeting GPU and OpenGL 4.5 requirements. Make sure drivers are up to date, and that your machine is above min spec.